The sixth century BC was a very agitated time in almost every part of the world. Here are maps of the years 600 BC, 550 BC, 527 BC, and 500 BC.
The three main events, in my opinion, are:
- Persians begin to seize power, and dominate eastern Mediterranean.
- Carthage’s merchant empire slowly dominates the western Mediterranean.
- The Roman republic begins.
Here are some rulers of that century:
Amyntas I, King of Macedonia
Astyages, King of Medes
Bias of Priene, Greek sage
Callimachus, Athenian general
Cambyses II, King of Persia
Chilon of Sparta, Greek sage
Cleisthenes, Tyrant of Athens
Cleomenes I, King of Sparta
Croesus, King of Lydia
Cyaxares, King of Medes
Cyrus the Great, King of Persia
Darius I, King of Persia
Epimenides, Greek seer
Gorgo, Queen of Sparta
King Helü of Wu, King of Wu
Lucius Junius Brutus, co-founder of the Roman Republic
Lucius Tarquinius Superbus, King of Rome
Miltiades, Athenian general and politician
Nabonidus, the last King of Babylon
Nebuchadnezzar, King of Babylon
Necho II, Pharaoh of Egypt
Pisistratus, tyrant of Athens
Periander, Tyrant of Corinth
Pittacus of Mytilene, Greek politician
Psammetichus III, Pharaoh of Egypt
Servius Tullius, King of Rome
Solon, Athenian statesman